Gandhi Jayanti Celebrations in India, Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti 2 Oct.Famous Quotes, Bhajan's, Public life of GandhijiMahatma Gandhi's birthday (Gandhi Jayanti or Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti) is a gazetted holiday in India on October 2 each year. The festival of Gandhi Jayanti  is observed  in India, on October 2nd the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation, with reverence all over the country. Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi,also known as 'Bapu' or 'Father of the nation', the apostle of peace was born on 2 October 1869 at Porbandar in Gujarat. It marks the anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi's birth. Gandhi is remembered for his contributions towards the Indian freedom struggle.
 

About Mahatma Gandhi (Oct. 2,1869- Jan,30 1948)

 
Mahatma Gandhi was a national icon who led the struggle for India's independence from British colonial rule, empowered by tens of millions of common Indians. He was a man who did what he said and led an exemplary and a transparent life.
 

Celebrations :

 
Gandhi Jayanti is observed as a national holiday in India.A solemn celebration marking the birth date of Gandhiji, the father of the nation, includes prayer meetings at the Raj Ghat where he was cremated.People visit Raj Ghat or pay homage to Gandhi wherever his statues are erected. Verses and prayers are read out from the holy books of all the religions. Gandhi's favourite song, Raghupati Raghava, is invariably sung at all the meetings associated with him.
 
What do people do?
 
Many people celebrate Mahatma Gandhi's birthday across India. Events include:
Prayer services, commemorative ceremonies and tributes at locations all over India.
Art exhibitions and essay competitions.
The presentation of awards to projects stimulating a non-violent way of life.
The showing of films and book readings on Mahatma Gandhi's life and achievements.
Many people sing Raghupati Raghava Raja Ram, Gandhi's favorite devotional song. Bunches of flowers or flower garlands are placed on many statues of Mahatma Gandhi throughout India. Some people also avoid eating meat or drinking alcohol on October 2.
 

Public life

 
Government offices, post offices and banks are closed on Mahatma Gandhi's birthday. Stores and other businesses and organizations may be closed or have reduced opening hours. Those wishing to use public transport on the day may need to contact the local transport authorities to check on timetables.
 

Background

 
Mahatma Gandhi, also known as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, and died on January 30, 1948. He was a political and spiritual leader in India and played a key role in the Indian independence movement. Gandhi developed the novel technique of non-violent agitation, which he called "Satyagraha", loosely translated as "moral domination".
 
He is known for his non-violent civil disobedience in India and South Africa. These included the start of the non-cooperation movement in 1922 and the Salt Satyagraha or Salt (Dandi) March starting on March 12, 1930. Through Gandhi's efforts, India finally gained its freedom on August 15, 1947. The nation mourned for him after he was assassinated on January 30, 1948. The United Nations' (UN) International Day of Non-Violence is also held on October 2 each year to coincide with Mahatma Gandhi's birthday.
 

Symbols

 
Three locations in India play important roles in the celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi's birthday. These are:
The Martyr's Column at the Gandhi Smriti in New Dehli where Mahatma Gandhi was shot on January 30, 1948.
The Raj Ghat on the banks of the river Yamuna in New Dehli where Mahatma Gandhi's body was cremated on January 31, 1948.
The Triveni Sangam where the rivers Ganga, Yamuna and Saraswati come together near Allahabad.
The British controlled the production and distribution of cloth in India in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Mahatma Gandhi felt that India could never become independent until the country could produce its own cloth. He encouraged people to spin and weave cotton cloth using small scale traditional spinning wheels and looms. Hence, simple hand spinning wheels for cotton became an important symbol of the struggle for Indian independence and Mahatma Gandhi's life and work.
 

Famous Qoutes of Mahatma Gandhi

 
"Whenever you are confronted with an opponent. Conquer him with love."
"Ahimsa means not to injure any creature by thought, word or deed, not even to the supposed advantage of this creature."
"I claim no perfection for myself. But I do claim to be a passionate seeker after Truth, which is but another name for God."
"I have nothing new to teach the world. Truth and non-violence are as old as the hills. All I have done is to try experiments in both on as vast a scale as I could."
"Poverty is but the worst form of violence."
 

Favorite Bhajan's of Mahatma Gandhi

 
Gandhi Jayanti Celebrations in India, Father of Nation Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti 2 Oct.Famous Quotes, Bhajan's, Public life of Gandhiji Prayer meetings were an important part of Mahatma Gandhi and Kasturba's life. All religions and faiths were given equal importance in the daily recitation of prayers. The prayers always culminated by proclaiming "Although we call you by different names, you are One, Give us the wisdom to understand this, O Lord"

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